Metro

  • Written by Gretchen E. Ely, Professor of Social Work and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

In 1976, conservative Congressman Henry Hyde[1] of Illinois introduced a bill that would ban the use of federal funding for abortion expenses[2] except in instances of rape, incest or danger to the life of the mother.

Today, the Hyde Amendment, which has been added as a rider to federal budget appropriation bills since 1977, prohibits abortion coverage[3] for approximately 74 million[4] Medicaid recipients.

It also prohibits the federal government from covering abortion in health programs for federal employees, federal prisoners, those who rely on Indian Health Services, active military members and veterans, among others[5].

I’m a social work health scholar[6] who studies vulnerable people’s access to reproductive health care. Now that the Hyde amendment[7] has become a focus[8] for some candidates in the 2020 presidential election[9], I believe it’s important to understand who it affects and how it can be repealed.

Hyde hurts young people of color

At the amendment’s inception, Henry Hyde noted his inability to restrict abortion for everyone and said he would have to settle for impeding access for poor women[10].

Could the Hyde Amendment be repealed in 2020? Hyde sponsored a bill in Congress limiting spending of tax money to pay for abortions. AP Photo/Charles Harrity[11]

In its current form, the amendment primarily affects poor people, people of color and those who are young.

As the Kaiser Foundation indicates, women of color have higher rates of unintended[12] pregnancy compared with white women[13]. This likely results from difficulty accessing preventive health care[14].

In fact, the majority of those who have abortions in the U.S. are adolescents and young adults with limited financial resources[15].

My own research shows that adolescents in a sample of people who could not afford abortions were more likely to identify as black or African American[16], compared with adults in the same sample.

So, does the amendment prevent abortions, as Sen. Hyde intended it to do? It’s hard to say[17], because we have no data showing how many people who are served by federal health programs get abortions without using their insurance.

However, the Guttmacher Institute estimates that between 18% and 37% of Medicaid recipients who carried unwanted pregnancies to term did so due to an inability to pay[18] for desired abortions.

Abortion opponents view this as evidence of Hyde’s success[19], but research indicates that there are varied and serious public health impacts for those who are denied abortion and for their children. These include poverty, greater reliance on public assistance programs[20] and child development delays[21].

The Hyde Amendment’s impact

My research[22] highlights the ways Hyde disproportionately affects marginalized populations that have the most difficulty affording abortion.

Abortion funds are organizations that provide financial assistance to help pay for abortions[23]. My research indicates that the majority of people assisted by these organizations are young people of color who are already parenting[24] at least one child.

Some states, such as New York[25] and California[26], use their own funds to go around the Hyde requirements[27] and include abortion services for Medicaid recipients. Unsurprisingly, I found that people who received private financial assistance to help with abortion costs were more likely to live in states that had not expanded their Medicaid programs[28] to cover abortions.

Bipartisan appeal

Hyde has survived for more than 40 years because historically there has been bipartisan support[29] for the amendment in Congress, and there is certainly not a road to repeal when Republicans hold a majority in the Senate.

That said, eliminating Hyde is straightforward. Because the amendment is added as a rider to the budget appropriation each year, all that’s required is to vote for lawmakers who will end this practice. Moving forward[30], that would permit abortion coverage in federal health programs.

Some officials are taking an active approach to repeal. For example, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez[31] introduced a petition to repeal the amendment. In March, several Democrats reintroduced the Equal Access to Abortion Coverage in Health Insurance Act[32], which would allow federal insurance programs to cover abortion.

While a slight majority of Americans polled support[33] requirements for insurance to cover abortion, the majority also oppose[34] public funding for abortion. This suggests that the voters may not understand that public funding of abortion is necessary for abortion to be covered by all insurance plans.

[ Get the best of The Conversation, every weekend. Sign up for our weekly newsletter[35]. ]

References

  1. ^ Henry Hyde (www.govtrack.us)
  2. ^ ban the use of federal funding for abortion expenses (www.kff.org)
  3. ^ prohibits abortion coverage (www.theatlantic.com)
  4. ^ 74 million (www.statista.com)
  5. ^ among others (www.guttmacher.org)
  6. ^ social work health scholar (www.researchgate.net)
  7. ^ Now that the Hyde amendment (www.wmur.com)
  8. ^ has become a focus (www.washingtontimes.com)
  9. ^ 2020 presidential election (www.politico.com)
  10. ^ poor women (www.guttmacher.org)
  11. ^ AP Photo/Charles Harrity (www.apimages.com)
  12. ^ higher rates of unintended (www.kff.org)
  13. ^ compared with white women (bixbycenter.ucsf.edu)
  14. ^ preventive health care (bixbycenter.ucsf.edu)
  15. ^ are adolescents and young adults with limited financial resources (www.kff.org)
  16. ^ more likely to identify as black or African American (doi.org)
  17. ^ It’s hard to say (www.nytimes.com)
  18. ^ inability to pay (www.guttmacher.org)
  19. ^ view this as evidence of Hyde’s success (lozierinstitute.org)
  20. ^ reliance on public assistance programs (doi.org)
  21. ^ child development delays (doi.org)
  22. ^ My research (doi.org)
  23. ^ provide financial assistance to help pay for abortions (abortionfunds.org)
  24. ^ young people of color who are already parenting (doi.org)
  25. ^ New York (www.health.ny.gov)
  26. ^ California (accesswhj.org)
  27. ^ go around the Hyde requirements (www.kff.org)
  28. ^ that had not expanded their Medicaid programs (doi.org)
  29. ^ bipartisan support (www.theatlantic.com)
  30. ^ Moving forward (www.vice.com)
  31. ^ Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (thehill.com)
  32. ^ Equal Access to Abortion Coverage in Health Insurance Act (www.guttmacher.org)
  33. ^ support (www.pollingreport.com)
  34. ^ oppose (slate.com)
  35. ^ Sign up for our weekly newsletter (theconversation.com)

Authors: Gretchen E. Ely, Professor of Social Work and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Read more http://theconversation.com/could-the-hyde-amendment-be-repealed-in-2020-126424

Metropolitan republishes selected articles from The Conversation USA with permission

Visit The Conversation to see more

Entertainment News

TED CLINE ... Country Music Done Right

Country Music Done Right When Ted Cline uses the phrase “Country Music Done Right” to describe his engaging vibe, the Kansas City area-based singer/songwriter isn’t simply being crafty or clev...

News Company - avatar News Company

LAMONT DOZIER, JR. “Why Can’t We Be Lovers”/”I’m Gonna Take My Time”

When it comes to enduring musical legacies, it’s always inspiring when the melodic, grooving evergreen apples drop so close to the tree. The son and namesake of legendary singer, songwriter and re...

News Company - avatar News Company

DAWGGONEDAVIS ft. Chago G Williams (Rap Master, Producer)

“Darkest Hour” Just a little over two years since Rebecca “DawgGoneDavis” first took the world (and the World & Euro Indie charts) by storm with her quirky and infectious debut single “Mi...

News Company - avatar News Company

Stephen Wrench “Burning Bridges”

When the true colors of people you thought were nice and kind become the latest casualties of your Facebook friends list, the gloves just have to come off. As Stephen Wrench so powerfully and bl...

News Company - avatar News Company

Indulgent Fool Gasoline Tequila

Indulgent Fool,” the latest release from Gasoline Tequila, uses the emotive language of guitar to tell a story about sensuality and courtship. Any given night, in any given room, can define an arti...

News Company - avatar News Company

Chelsey Green and The Green Project release fresh new EP, ReEnvisioned

Chelsey Green and The Green Project. Their fresh new EP, ReEnvisioned, is a dynamic and empowering collection that in only four tracks showcases their passions for contemporary and traditional jazz...

News Company - avatar News Company

Fresh Prince of Bel Air's original "Aunt Viv" Janet Hubert announces new animation project

‘JG and the BC Kids’ Starts Preproduction with Toonz Media Group, Elijah Rock Productions and Ericka Nicole Malone Entertainment to Inspire Children to Embrace Themselves and Others  ...

News Company - avatar News Company

ANGELA PREDHOMME - It’s just So Good To Be Free

There’s something powerful and inspiring about an independent artist who pursues her passion and finds widespread success on her own terms, rather than following the generally accepted mainstream ...

News Company - avatar News Company

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, Pure Mission Entertainment’s Willie J releases “In The Morning”

“In the Morning” To borrow from a well-known spiritual cliché, sometimes the musical muse works in mysterious ways. When Willie J joined forces in 2019 with Atlanta producer Cool Kid Diddy and...

Tom Estey - avatar Tom Estey

Metropolitan Business News

MODEL/ACTOR THORN CASTILLO IS THE “NEW FACE” OF SCHICK STYLIST

In 2019, just as his multi-faceted career was taking off, Thorn Castillo heard Robert Downey Jr. offer a sage bit of advice during an interview on photographer/director Sam Jones’ acclaimed multi-...

News Company - avatar News Company

New Research Highlights Opportunities for Sports Betting

Revenue Stream for Sports’ Post-COVID-19 Recovery Strategies New Rochelle, NY, June 1, 2020— Twenty-four states have now legalized sports betting, with more states considering legalization la...

Len Stein - avatar Len Stein

How to make overseas transfers easier?

Mainstream banks can charge as much as $20 just to process a basic international money transfer. Fortunately, today people are not doomed to handling personal finances only through mainstream gl...

News Company - avatar News Company

The flourishing international market of fragrance and perfume

There is something special and unique about the art of fragrance. This is a big world and there are quite literally a lot of smells around at any given time. In fact, as one of the five human senses i...

News Company - avatar News Company

Impact of good marketing on sales

Sales and marketing are brothers as they go hand and in hand. The job of both of these departments is to generate revenue so that an organization can make money. A company that does not generate rev...

News Company - avatar News Company

7 effective tips for increasing sales in retail

It seems that retailers have drawn a difficult lot in the 21st century: competition from online retail is growing steadily. After all, Internet retailers can sell your products at significantly lowe...

News Company - avatar News Company

Holidays

5 COOL GADGETS TO CARRY FOR A SAFE TRIP

Are you planning to go on a trip? Possibly, you do not know what things are most necessary on a trip. In this article, we will guide you through some important tips. These tips help you to...

News Company - avatar News Company

New Baggage Regulations to Help Aussie Parents Travel with Infants

Travelling around the globe has never been easy, especially when infants tag along for the trip. One of the main issues that parents often have to deal with is the need to bring extra item...

News Company - avatar News Company

Maya Beach Opens to Tourists

Despite recent reports that Southern Thailand's famous Maya Beach will close for three months this year, in fact no decision to this effect has been made by Thai authorities. Phi Phi Nati...

Maevadi Rosenfeldt - avatar Maevadi Rosenfeldt